부록:영어 불규칙 동사

영어 불규칙 동사 (Irregular Verb)편집

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동사 과거 과거분사

A편집

abide abided / abode abided / abode
alight alighted / alit alighted / alit
arise arose arisen
awake awoke / awaked awoken / awaked

B편집

babysit babysat babysat
be was / were been
bear bore born / borne
beat beat beaten / beat
become became become
befall befell befallen
beget begot begotten
begin began begun
behold beheld beheld
bend bent bent
beseech beseeched / besought beseeched / besought
beset beset beset
bet bet / betted bet / betted
bid (어원 2;경매 등에서) bid bid
bid (어원 1;명하다) bade / bid bidden / bid
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breastfeed breastfed breastfed
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast / broadcasted broadcast / broadcasted
browbeat browbeat browbeaten
build built built
burn burnt / burned burnt / burned
burst burst burst
bust busted / bust busted / bust
buy bought bought

C편집

can (어원 1;할 수 있다) could couth
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
chide chided / chid chided / chid / chidden
choose chose chosen
cleave clove / cleft / cleaved cloven / cleft / cleaved
cling clung clung
come came come
cost ('가격을 산출하다'의 의미 제외) cost cost
creep crept crept
crow crowed / crew crowed
cut cut cut

D편집

deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived / dove dived
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
dwell dwelt / dwelled dwelt / dwelled

E편집

eat ate eaten

F편집

fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fit fit / fitted fit / fitted
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew flown
forbear forbore forborne
forbid forbade / forbad forbidden
forecast forecast / -ed forecast / -ed
forego forewent foregone
foresee foresaw foreseen
foretell foretold foretold
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
forgo forwent forgone
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen

G편집

get got got / US gotten
gild gilded / gilt gilded / gilt
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown

H편집

hang (교수형과 관련된 의미 제외) hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
heave (항해 관련 의미) hove hove
hew hewed hewed / hewn
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt

I편집

input inputted / input inputted / input

K편집

keep kept kept
ken kenned / kent kenned / kent
kneel knelt / kneeled knelt / kneeled
knit knit / knitted knit / knitted
know knew known

L편집

lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leaned / leant leaned / leant
leap leapt / leaped leapt / leaped
learn learned / learnt learned / learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie (어원 1;눕다) lay lain
light lit / lighted lit / lighted
lose lost lost

M편집

make made made
may might (없음)
mean meant meant
meet met met
mislead misled misled
misspell misspelled / misspelt misspelled / misspelt
mistake mistook mistaken
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood
mow mowed mown / mowed
must (없음) (없음)

O편집

offset offset offset
ought (없음) (없음)
outdo outdid outdone
output outputted / output outputted / output
outshine outshone outshone
overcome overcame overcome
overdo overdid overdone
overeat overate overeaten
overhang overhung overhung
overhear overheard overheard
overlay overlaid overlaid
override overrode overridden
overrun overran overrun
oversee oversaw overseen
overtake overtook overtaken
overthrow overthrew overthrown

P편집

partake partook partaken
pay paid paid
plead pled / pleaded pled / pleaded
proofread proofread proofread
prove proved proven / proved
put put put

Q편집

quit quit / quitted quit / quitted

R편집

read read (sounds like "red") read (sounds like "red")
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt
redo redid redone
remake remade remade
rend rent rent
repay repaid repaid
reset reset reset
rethink rethought rethought
rewrite rewrote rewritten
rid rid rid
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run

S편집

saw sawed sawed / sawn
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn / sewed
shake shook shaken
shall should (없음)
shave shaved shaved / shaven
shear sheared shorn / sheared
shed shed shed
shine shone / shined shone / shined
shit shit / shat / shitted shit / shat / shitted
shoe shod / shoed shod / shoed / shodden
shoot shot shot
show showed shown / showed
shrink shrank / shrunk shrunk / shrunken
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
slay slew slain
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
sling slung slung
slit slit slit
smell smelled / smelt smelled / smelt
smite smote smitten
sneak sneaked / snuck sneaked / snuck
sow sowed sowed / sown
speak spoke spoken
speed sped / speeded sped / speeded
spell spelled / spelt spelled / spelt
spend spent spent
spill spilled / spilt spilled / spilt
spin spun spun
spit spat / spit spat / spit
split split split
spoil spoiled / spoilt spoiled / spoilt
spread spread spread
spring sprang / sprung sprung
stand stood stood
stave staved / stove staved / stove
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank / stunk stunk
strew strewed strewn / strewed
stride strode stridden
strike (delete) struck stricken
strike (hit) struck struck / stricken
string strung strung
strive strove / strived striven / strived
swear swore sworn
sweat sweated / sweat sweated / sweat
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swollen / swelled
swim swam swum
swing swung swung

T편집

take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
thrive thrived / throve thrived / thriven
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
tread trod trodden / trod

U편집

undercut undercut undercut
undergo underwent undergone
underlie underlay underlain
understand understood understood
undertake undertook undertaken
underwrite underwrote underwritten
undo undid undone
unwind unwound unwound
uphold upheld upheld
upset upset upset

W편집

wake woke / waked woken / waked
wear wore worn
weave wove woven
wed wed / wedded wed / wedded
weep wept wept
wet wet / wetted wet / wetted
will would (없음)
win won won
wind (어원 2;감다) wound wound
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
withhold withheld withheld
withstand withstood withstood
work worked / wrought worked / wrought
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written